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Renal Cancer



Renal Cancer

Epidemiology

Renal cancer is a relatively rare tumor. There has been a significant increase in its incidence over the past years (68% in 20 years). The most common histological type is clear cell carcinoma. Men are twice more likely to develop the disease compared to women.

Causes

  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Hypertenstion
  • Nutrition (Animal Fat and Sugar)
  • Chemical substances (Cadmium, Asbestos, Petrol Derivatives)
  • Haemodialysis
  • Heavy metals in water
  • Family predisposition

Symptoms

  • Blood in the urine either visible or identifiable only in a urine test.
  • Pain and discomfort in the renal area
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Leg and Ankle Adena

Diagnosis

  • Clinical examination
  • Urine Cytology test
  • Renal Ultrasound
  • Intravenous pyelogram
  • Cystoscopy
  • CT and MRI

Separate early diagnosis and treatment might be crucial for further prognosis of renal cancer.

Treatment

  • Surgery (radical nephrectomy or not), laparoscopic or not.
  • Radiotherapy
  • Immunotherapy
  • Therapy with biologic agents

Recently there has been tremendous progress in the treatment of renal cell carcinoma because of better understanding of its biology. Many new treatments have been introduced targeting specific cell pathways that are responsible for the development. There are extremely accurate and efficacious, having very little side effects.


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Filed In: Renal Cancer