Testicular cancer consists of 1% of cancer cases in men worldwide but it is the most common cancer in ages between 20 and 40 years old.
Undesended testis (when one or both testes do not complete their descent into the scrotum before birth) seems to be the most common for developing testicular cancer.
- Palpable painless lump (the most common symptom)
- Testicular pain with or without swelling
- Back pain or gynaecomastia (less common)
- Clinical Examination
- Testicular Ultrasound
- Blood tests for tumor markers AFP, bhCG
- Testicular excision biopsy
- Surgical excision of the testis (with or without lymph node excision)
It must be noted that the cure rates in this particular type of cancer are exceptionally high